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Tests Helpers

Apiato provides additional helper functions, on top of the Laravel's default Tests, to make testing your API much faster and fun.

Writing functional tests, makes implementing, debugging and modifying a feature faster.

With Apiato you just prepare the data you want to send for your POST request, call the makeCall() function and start asserting the response. Everything else is set for you. There are helper functions to create and prepare a testing user with the right authorization (roles and permissions) for each request.

Tests properties#

Some test helper functions read your test class properties, to perform their jobs. below we will see those properties and who uses them:

$endpoint#

The $endpoint = '[email protected]'; property is where you define the endpoints you are trying to access when calling $this->makeCall().

class RegisterUserTest extends ApiTestCase
{
protected $endpoint = '[email protected]';
protected $auth = false;
protected $access = [
'roles' => '',
'permissions' => '',
];
public function testRegisterNewUserWithCredentials()
{
// prepare your post data
$data = [
'email' => '[email protected]',
'name' => 'John Doe',
'password' => 'secret',
];
// send the HTTP request
$response = $this->makeCall($data);
// assert response status is correct
$this->assertEquals('200', $response->getStatusCode());
// ... add all your assertions
}
}

Override the endpoint property value in some test functions#

$this->endpoint('[email protected]')->makeCall();

$auth#

The $auth = false; property defines if the endpoint you are trying to call requires authentication or not. By default $auth is equal to true, also when not defined on your test class it will be defaulted to true.

When $auth is true, the makeCall() will create a testing user if none already found, and it will inject his access token in the headers, before making the call.

So only use this property when your endpoint is not protected, for example the register and login tests.

Override the auth property value in some test functions#

$response = $this->auth(false)->makeCall();

$access#

The $access property is where you define the permissions/roles that you need to give to your testing users in that test class. So when using $user = $this->getTestingUser(); it will automatically take all the roles and permissions you gave him.

protected $access = [
'roles' => 'admin', // or ['client', 'admin']
'permissions' => 'delete-users',
];

Override the access property value in some test functions#

Call the getTestingUser and pass roles and permissions as the second argument.

$this->getTestingUser(null, ['permissions' => 'jump', 'roles' => 'jumper']);

Or you can call getTestingUserWithoutAccess() to get user without permissions and roles.

Tests functions#

All the test helper functions are provided by traits are living inside vendor/apiato/core/Traits/TestsTraits/PhpUnit/* folder,and they are all available for usage from every test class in your application.

makeCall#

makeCall(array $data = [], array $headers = []) is one of the most important helper functions for an API.

Usage#

$response = $this->makeCall();
$response = $this->makeCall([
'email' => $userDetails['email'],
'password' => $userDetails['password'],
]);
$response = $this->makeCall($data, $headers);
$response = $this->endpoint('[email protected]')->makeCall($data);
$response = $this->auth(false)->makeCall();
$response = $this->endpoint('[email protected]/{id}')->injectId($user->id)->makeCall();

getTestingUser#

getTestingUser($userDetails = null, $access = null) is another very important helper function:

Usage#

$user = $this->getTestingUser();
$user = $this->getTestingUser([
'email' => '[email protected]',
'name' => 'Hello',
'password' => 'secret',
]);

Faker#

Just use it from any test: $this->faker->name;

There's an instance of faker in every class.

Just use it: $this->faker->name;

See the Tests Page, for more details about the Tests components.

Create live Testing Data#

To test your app with some live testing data (like creating items in an inventory) you can use this feature to automatically generate those data. This is also helpful for staging when real people are testing your app with some testing data.

  1. Go to app/Ship/Seeder/SeedTestingData.php seeder class, and create your live testing data.

  2. Run this command php artisan apiato:seed-test

Debugging with PsySH#

For better debugging and development, you can open a runtime developer console while executing your test.

Using PsySH (interactive debugger and REPL "read-eval-print loop" for PHP). The package is required by the Laravel Tinker Package.

To use it set the breakpoint eval(\Psy\sh()); anywhere you want in any Actions, Controllers, Tasks... and run your test normally.

Last updated on by Mohammad Alavi