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Version: 9.x


Apiato provides a Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) from its Authorization Container.

Behind the scenes apiato is using the Laravel's authorization functionality that was introduced in version 5.1.11 with the helper package laravel-permission. So you can always refer to the correspond documentation for more information.

How it works

Authorization in apiato is very simple and easy.

1) First you need to make sure you have a seeded Super Admin, an admin role and optionally your custom permissions (usually permissions should be statically created in the code). apiato provides most of these stuff for you, you can find the code at any container .../Data/Seeders/* directory (example: Authentication Container).

2) Second create Roles, and attach some permissions to the roles.

3) Now start creating users (or use existing users), to assign them to the new created Roles.

That should be done from your custom admin panel, which can consume the default provided Roles & Permissions API endpoints (Create Role, Assign User to Roles, List all Permission...).

3) Finally, you need to protect your endpoints by Permissions (or/and Roles). The right place to do that is the Requests class.

Example protecting the (delete user) endpoint with delete-users permission:


namespace App\Containers\User\UI\API\Requests;

use App\Ship\Parents\Requests\Request;

class DeleteUserRequest extends Request

* Define which Roles and/or Permissions has access to this request.
* @var array
protected $access = [
'permissions' => 'delete-users', // Accepts Array and String ['delete-users', 'create-users'],
'roles' => '',

* @return bool
public function authorize()
return $this->check([

For detailed explanation of this example, please visit the Requests Page.


Authorization failed JSON response:

"errors": "You have no access to this resource!",
"status_code": 403,
"message": "This action is unauthorized."

Assign Roles & Permission to the Testing User

You will need to set $access property in your test class, check out the Tests Helpers page for more details.

Seeding some users (Admins)

By default, apiato comes with a Super Admin with Access to Admin Dashboard.

This Super Admin Credentials are:

This Admin seeded by app/Containers/Authorization/Data/Seeders/AuthorizationDefaultUsersSeeder_3.php.

The Default Super User, has a default role admin.

The admin default role has no permissions given to it.

To give permissions to the admin role (or any other role), you can use the dedicated endpoints (from your custom Admin Interface) or use this command php artisan apiato:permissions:toRole admin to give it all the permissions in the system.

Checkout each container Seeders directory app/Containers/{container-name}/Data/Seeders/, to edit the default Users, Roles and Permissions.

Roles & Permissions guards

By default, Apiato uses a single guard called web for all it's roles and permissions, you can add/edit this behavior and support multiple guards at any time. Refer to the laravel-permission package for more details.

Permissions Inheriting with Levels

When you create a role you can set an optional parameter, called level, which is set to 0 by default, The default seeded admin role has it set to 999.

Level allows inheriting permissions. Role with higher level is inheriting permission from roles with lower level.

Below is a nice example of how it works:

You have three roles: user, moderator and admin. User has a permission to read articles, moderator can manage comments and admin can create articles. User has a level 1, moderator level 2 and admin level 3. It means, moderator and administrator has also permission to read articles, but administrator can manage comments as well.

if ($user->getRoleLevel() > 10) {

If user has multiple roles, the getRoleLevel() method returns the highest one.

If you don't need the permissions inheriting feature, simply ignore the optional level parameter when creating roles.